Spinal surgery is a medical procedure performed to treat various spinal conditions that cause pain and discomfort, such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or spinal fractures. In this comprehensive guide, we will explain spinal surgery in simple terms, enabling anyone to understand the procedure and its potential benefits. Dr. Priyesh Dhoke, a renowned spinal surgeon, specializes in providing clarity about the process and addressing common questions in a straightforward manner.

What is Spinal Surgery?

Spinal surgery is a medical procedure performed to treat issues related to the spine. It involves making small incisions in the back or neck and using specialized instruments to correct problems like herniated discs, spinal stenosis, or fractures. The goal is to reduce pain, improve mobility, and enhance the overall quality of life.

Common Spinal Conditions Treated by Surgery:

  • Herniated Discs: When the cushioning discs between the vertebrae slip out of place and press on nearby nerves.
  • Spinal Stenosis: A narrowing of the spinal canal, leading to pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
  • Spinal Fractures: Breaks or cracks in the vertebrae due to injury or medical conditions like osteoporosis.

Preparing for Spinal Surgery:

Before the surgery, your doctor will perform a thorough evaluation and may request imaging tests like X-rays or MRI scans to understand the exact problem. You may need to avoid certain medications and inform your doctor about any existing health conditions or allergies.

Types of Spinal Surgery:

  1. Discectomy: A procedure to remove a part or all of a damaged disc that is causing nerve compression.
  2. Spinal Fusion: Joining two or more vertebrae together using bone grafts to stabilize the spine and reduce pain.
  3. Laminectomy: Removing the back part of the vertebra (lamina) to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
  4. Foraminotomy: Enlarging the passageways (foramina) where nerve roots exit the spinal cord to alleviate compression.
  5. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: Treatments for spinal fractures involving injecting bone cement into the damaged vertebrae to stabilize them.

The Spinal Surgery Procedure:

  1. Anesthesia: You’ll be given anesthesia to ensure you’re comfortable and pain-free during the surgery.
  2. Incision and Access: The surgeon will make a small incision over the affected area to access the spine.
  3. Addressing the Spinal Condition: The surgeon will perform the specific procedure to address the spinal condition, such as removing a herniated disc or stabilizing the spine with screws and rods.
  4. Closure of the Incision: After completing the procedure, the incision will be closed with sutures or staples.

Recovery and Rehabilitation:

  1. Hospital Stay: The length of your hospital stay will depend on the type of surgery and your individual progress.
  2. Post-operative Care: You’ll receive instructions on wound care, medications, and activity limitations during the healing phase.
  3. Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation through physical therapy helps improve strength and mobility after surgery.

Potential Risks and Complications:

Like any surgery, spinal surgery carries risks, such as infection, bleeding, nerve damage, or failed fusion. However, complications are rare and often minimized by following your doctor’s instructions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

Q1. How long will it take to recover from spinal surgery?

The recovery period varies depending on the type of surgery and individual factors. It may take several weeks to months to resume normal activities.

Q2. Will spinal surgery completely eliminate my pain?

While the goal is to reduce or eliminate pain, the outcome varies for each person. Some patients experience significant pain relief, while others may still have some discomfort.

Q3. Can I avoid spinal surgery with other treatments?

In some cases, non-surgical treatments like physical therapy, medications, or injections may help. However, surgery becomes necessary when these treatments fail to provide relief or when the condition worsens.

Q4. Are there any lifestyle changes I should make after surgery?

Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes like maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and avoiding activities that strain your back.

Q5. How can I prevent spinal problems in the future?

Regular exercise, maintaining good posture, and avoiding heavy lifting can help reduce the risk of developing spinal problems.


Spinal surgery can be an effective solution for treating various spinal conditions, leading to improved quality of life for many patients. Dr. Priyesh Dhoke’s expertise and dedication to patient understanding make him a reliable choice for those seeking spinal surgery. Remember, it is essential to consult a qualified spine surgeon to determine the most suitable treatment plan for your specific condition. Always follow your doctor’s advice for the best possible outcome.

Dr. Priyesh Dhoke

Dr Priyesh Dhoke M.B.B.S., M.S. (Orthopaedics), F.A.O.S.(Australia) AO Spine...

Quick Query